Derek Bentley was a 19-year old British man hanged for the murder of a policemen during a robbery in 1953. The case was noteworthy because it was Bentley’s partner, Christopher Craig, who shot the officer after Bentley, who had been detained, said “Let him have it, Craig.” There was some debate if Bentley was telling Craig to shoot or turn over his gun.
Ironically, Craig, who was sixteen, was ineligible for the death penalty while it was mandated for Bentley.
The unique situation, and further questions about Bentley’s mental ability, led to a 45-year campaign to pardon Bentley. In 1998, the Court of Appeals rescinded the conviction.
I had only known the case from Elvis Costello’s 1989 “Let Him Dangle,” but only recognized it was a real story after hearing it mentioned again in Martin McDonagh’s Hangmen.