With the 18-year captivity of Jaycee Lee Dugard in the news, TIME magazine published an article on the history of Stockholm Syndrome. This is the phenomenon of a captive beginning to indentify with her captor. I was most interested in where the name comes from.
According to journalist Laura FitzPatrick the name comes from an August 1973 bank heist in Stockholm, Sweden. The theives, Jan-Erik Olsson and Clark Olofsson, held four bank employees hostage for six days. At the end of the affair, when the employees were released, they hugged and kissed their captors. FitzPatrick cannot prove the coiner of the phrase, but she says the most likely candidate was Swedish criminologist and psychiatrist Nils Bejerot.
The article continues to tell of famous cases in history. Patty Hearst is the most notable. Oddly, she left out the episode of the Simpsons when before being ransomed, Homer presents his South American captors with a scrapbook of their time together.